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Indiana At 200

ANDREA NEAL: 'Paddle Your Own Canoe' is a Hoosier inspiration

ANDREA NEAL: 'Paddle Your Own Canoe' is a Hoosier inspiration

James Whitcomb Riley was the most acclaimed, but he wasn’t the first Hoosier poet to gain national fame. Sarah T. Bolton deserves that honor. Even today her poem “Paddle Your Own Canoe” is cited and recited, though few know anything about its origins.

August 13, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Free blacks migrated to Indiana

ANDREA NEAL: Free blacks migrated to Indiana

Like other pioneers, they came to Indiana in search of land and liberty and, for the most part, found both. Beginning in the 1820s and continuing until the eve of the Civil War, free African-Americans migrated in family groups to Indiana and established farming societies that valued hard wor…

June 18, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Indiana University began as 'seminary' in 1820

ANDREA NEAL: Indiana University began as 'seminary' in 1820

When the first classes were held in 1824, Indiana University had one professor, 10 male students, and no building to call its own. The only subjects offered were Latin and Greek. Today, more than 3,000 professors teach 47,000 students on a campus graced by limestone buildings and woodland pa…

June 04, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Marquis de Lafayette was a big hit in Jeffersonville

ANDREA NEAL: Marquis de Lafayette was a big hit in Jeffersonville

A half-century after the Declaration of Independence was issued, the Frenchman who helped the United States win the American Revolution returned to this country on a victory tour. It was a landmark event for cities on his itinerary. Jeffersonville, Ind., was one of them.

May 21, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Massacre at Fall Creek tested frontier justice

ANDREA NEAL: Massacre at Fall Creek tested frontier justice

In 1975, Jessamyn West wrote a novel based on a true yet astonishing Indiana story. The Massacre at Fall Creek recounts the 1824 murders of nine Indians in Madison County and the ensuing trial and death sentences of the white male perpetrators.

May 07, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Committee of 10 picked Indiana's capital

ANDREA NEAL: Committee of 10 picked Indiana's capital

Anyone who’s ever served on a committee can relate to the old laugh line: A committee is a group of people who keep minutes and waste hours.

April 23, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Slavery existed in 'free' Indiana's early days

ANDREA NEAL: Slavery existed in 'free' Indiana's early days

Although the state Constitution expressly prohibited it, slavery existed in early Indiana. Two court cases filed by enslaved black women put an end to the practice.

April 09, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Indiana's framers met under an elm

ANDREA NEAL: Indiana's framers met under an elm

James Madison, Benjamin Franklin and colleagues spent almost four months debating, writing and editing the document that would become the U.S. Constitution. It took James Brownlee, Benjamin Parke and associates only 18 days to write Indiana’s.

February 26, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Indiana years shaped Abe Lincoln

ANDREA NEAL: Indiana years shaped Abe Lincoln

Three states claim Abraham Lincoln as a favorite son, but only Indiana can take credit for his formative years. 

February 12, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Harmonists sought to create perfect society near Evansville

ANDREA NEAL: Harmonists sought to create perfect society near Evansville

For one shining moment in the early 19th century, a group called the Harmonists achieved utopia on the Wabash River. Two hundred years later, their experiment continues to inspire visitors to New Harmony, Ind.

January 29, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Frontier violence at Pigeon Roost

ANDREA NEAL: Frontier violence at Pigeon Roost

On Sept. 3, 1812, a Native American war party killed more than 20 settlers living in a wooded outpost near present-day Scottsburg. Motivated by bounties offered by the British, the perpetrators scalped women and children, torched their log cabins and left the village in ashes.

January 15, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Battle of Tippecanoe ended Native American dream

ANDREA NEAL: Battle of Tippecanoe ended Native American dream

In the drizzling pre-dawn rain of Nov. 7, 1811, on high ground near modern-day Lafayette, Gen. William Henry Harrison squashed Tecumseh’s dream of an Indian confederacy that could resist the white man’s westward advances.

January 01, 2014 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Swiss created first commercial winery in Indiana

ANDREA NEAL: Swiss created first commercial winery in Indiana

In 1796, John James Dufour left his native Switzerland to seek a new life and opportunity in the United States. Less than a decade later, he opened the country’s first successful winemaking business – in southeastern Indiana.

December 18, 2013 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Lewis, Clark joined forces here

ANDREA NEAL: Lewis, Clark joined forces here

In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson asked Meriwether Lewis to lead an exploration of the Louisiana Territory in search of a Northwest Passage. Lewis invited William Clark to join him. It would become one of the most famous partnerships in history, and it started in Indiana.

December 04, 2013 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Hoosier values shaped by Northwest Ordinance

ANDREA NEAL: Hoosier values shaped by Northwest Ordinance

Indiana's political values, moral compass and physical boundaries were shaped by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.

October 22, 2013 5:45 pm
ANDREA NEAL: George Rogers Clark turned Indiana into U.S. soil

ANDREA NEAL: George Rogers Clark turned Indiana into U.S. soil

If not for George Rogers Clark, we Hoosiers might snack on scones with jam and clotted cream and speak with cockney accents.

October 09, 2013 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Indiana's first congregation is thriving in Vincennes

ANDREA NEAL: Indiana's first congregation is thriving in Vincennes

Roman Catholics claim bragging rights to Indiana’s oldest church. Jesuit missionaries visited the French fort at Vincennes within months of its establishment in 1732. A resident priest, Sebastian Meurin, arrived in 1748. People have been worshiping at St. Francis Xavier Church ever since.

September 25, 2013 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: 'On the Banks of the Wabash,' history happened

ANDREA NEAL: 'On the Banks of the Wabash,' history happened

Storied in literature and song, the Wabash is Indiana’s most important river.

August 28, 2013 12:00 am
ANDREA NEAL: Three rivers form strategic, historic site

ANDREA NEAL: Three rivers form strategic, historic site

It’s no coincidence that Indiana’s second largest city occupies land that once served as a capital of the Miami Indian Nation. Native Americans chose Fort Wayne for its strategic location. The confluence of three rivers — St. Joseph, St. Marys and Maumee — would prove equally appealing to Fr…

August 14, 2013 12:00 am
Indiana's beginnings date back to Ice Age

Indiana's beginnings date back to Ice Age

Andrea Neal stands on the trail over Devil's Backbone, six feet wide, with sheer drop-off on both sides. Pine Hills Nature Preserve is near Crawfordsville, adjacent to Shades State Park.

June 19, 2013 12:00 am
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